Course in Regenerative Organic Gardening
23th to 25th of February, 2020
Quinta Vale da Lama
Odiáxere – Lagos
9:00 – 12:30 / 14:00 – 18:30
€120** (Food and Accommodation not included
*If there is a significant number of people that don’t fully understand Portuguese we will manage to have a translator on site.
**If you need a scholarship, food and/or accommodation, please contact us via email, stating your case until 12th February.
WHY THIS COURSE
Spring-Summer is a time of intense activity in the garden. The increase in the number of hours of light, together with the increase in temperatures, leads to a rapid progression of plant development. In this period, a lack of attention to plant nutrition or the detection of diseases or pests can put production at risk, both in quantity and quality.
This training is designed to equip the horticulturist with the necessary tools so that the vegetables in this production season grow smoothly and produce abundantly.
COURSE CONTENT AND FORM
Three full days of intensive theory and practice, covering the full range of essential topics including:
1º Day – Seeding and Planting
2º Day – Fertilization
3º Day – Pests and Diseases
NB: Consult the Schedule section for more information on the topics.
ABOUT THE INSTRUCTORS
Catarina Joaquim is an Agronomic Engineer with many years of experience: first as a buyer for a major supermarket chain, before she went over to the supply side as a certified organic grower, running a successful market garden with Carlos Simões. Catarina and Carlos Simões are dedicated to the purpose of improving human health and happiness through the cultivation of healthy plants and soils, while helping organic farmers & gardeners to do the same.
ABOUT THE VENUE
Quinta Vale da Lama is a 43ha AgroTourism project in Lagos municipality of Algarve, with an expanding market garden in process of organic certification, a guesthouse with seasonal vegetarian restaurant, and a vibrant culture based on Permaculture ethics of Planet Care/ People Care/ Future Care.
FOOD AND ACCOMMODATION
Food and accommodation are not included. We suggest that you bring your own food in pic-nic style. If you really need to be provided food and/or accommodation, please send to inquire.
The Mediterranean climate, occurring in about 2% of the land area, has specific characteristics that condition soil development and agriculture in these areas. Where we are, we have two weather stations that are particularly important for plant production: autumn and spring. Thus, we have defined two three-day formations, which will be as far-reaching as time permits, one for autumn-winter crops and one for spring-summer crops.
In our climate, nature wakes up in autumn after the summer heat and dryness. When it rains in autumn, soil microbiology wakes up to promote the amazing and luxuriant growth of the plants that inhabit it or are born there during this period. With the winter cold, soil activity decreases, but never ceases. The time has come for more development of the roots of the plants and a great moment of creation of stable organic matter in the soils. During the autumn-winter, energy, heat, the engine of growth and development of plants is in the soil. Mineral corrections and organic corrections are preferably made at this time. Soil improvers, in our climate, too.
In autumn we sow most of our autumn, winter, spring and even summer vegetables, such as onions. In our autumn-winter the water needed for irrigation is much lower than in summer, and we can grow plants with high nutritional value. This is the most important time in productivity that our climate and soils allow.
Also the preparation of spring happens in autumn. Horticultural plants are sown in autumn to obtain fruit in spring; the fruit trees are remineralised in autumn to blossom vigorously in spring and to avenge their fruit well in summer. Various problems that occur in the spring, such as pests and diseases, or falling fruit, can be prevented with a correct nutritional approach in autumn.
On the other hand, plants do not live and grow alone in a plant world. Millions of other organisms, whose lives, in turn, depend on plants, contribute to this in a cooperation that has taken place on our planet for millions of years. Many phenomena occur at ground level, but the proper functioning of the aerial part is also fundamental to the whole system. There is a deep interdependence and interconnectivity between spheres and organisms. We will understand the functioning of soils, plants, and their interdependence with the environment.
1º Day: Seeding and Planting
Soil preparation and care for quality sowing and/or planting for the different species.
The care in this phase reverts to the faster development of the plants and the best quantity and quality of the final production.
We will talk about temperatures, sun exposure, types of roots and behaviors, reproduction, consortia, rotations, seed pelletization and root inoculation.
2º Day: Plantas – saude e nutrição
- Solid, liquid and foliar fertilization.
- Common and less common fertilizer materials.
- Fertilization for production and health of plants.
- Fertilization to solve problems of diseases and insects.
Most plants have untapped productive potential. A tomato can produce for 2 or 6 months, producing 2 or 20 kg of tomatoes depending on fertilization and watering care; a lettuce can weigh 200 grams or 1 kg; a courgette can produce for 1 or 3 months; a maize plant can have 1 or 2 ears, etc. All this is a reflection of their growing conditions and all this is reflected in the yield taken from the work and investment applied. Let’s illustrate and apply different mixtures of fertilizer materials and specify differences between crops.
3º Day: Pests and Diseases
These derive mainly from soil and nutritional difficulties and, while we continue the practices of regeneration and improvement of soil quality and fertilization, we will have to manage the appearance of pests and diseases.
We will learn to recognise early signs and to solve problems already in place. We will prepare a set of syrups and other recipes to solve problems caused by pests and diseases.